Solid waste management (SWM) has become a major concern both to the natural environment and society, particularly in developing countries. The increasing volume and complexity of waste associated with the modern economy is posing a serious risk to ecosystems and human health. Every year, an estimated 11.2 billion tons of solid waste is collected worldwide and decay of the organic proportion of solid waste is contributing about 5 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Open and unsanitary landfills causes air pollution, water and soil contamination, which contributes to contamination of drinking water, and can cause infection and transmit diseases.
Less than half of the municipal waste produced in Madagascar each year is collected, of which majority is dumped in landfills. As for the uncollected waste, this is left untreated within the environment, causing serious sanitary problems and environmental damage. Studies shows that in 2030, the population increase of the Municipality of Antsirabe is estimated at 25%, that is to say 362,552 inhabitants and a density of 3,000 Hab. /km 2. With waste production estimated at 0.400 kg / day and per capita, the city's waste production should therefore reach about 53 000 tons.
The municipalities continue to rely on a “we dump–they collect” method which has low involvement of local communities and civilians to participate. This has been proven to be ineffective, inefficient and unsustainable for developing countries because it allegedly transfers ‘the problem’ from the source of waste generation to landfills.
Given the capacity of recycling to generate jobs, it is important to take the necessary steps to create an environment that stimulates recycling and recycled material markets. Hence, recycling does not only clean and improve our environment but also helps in creating jobs. Given the tons of garbage in Antsirabe, Madagascar, ARM ECOTSARA can be the answer we all have been looking for.
Our recycling project aims to improve the lives of local people and reduce environmental damage by reducing the amount of waste (recyclable and non-recyclable) which is thrown away. Our goal is to stop wastes from going to landfills and rather directly to our treatment house and be converted to compost, briquettes, recycled paper, and renewable energy.